Neoadjuvant Hyperthermia and Chemoradiotherapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

PMID: 33790164
Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy (volume: 48, issue: 3, Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Mar;48(3):388-390)
Published: 2021-03-01

Ishikawa H, Kouki T, Oda R, Midorikawa R, Kojima S, Kinoe H, Kishimoto Y, Okabe M, Hosokawa Y, Okazaki T, Tayama K, Kosuga K, Ogou E, Akiba J, Yano H


Pancreatic cancer(PC)is associated with poor prognosis and low resectability rates. Currently, only 15-20% of all patients are candidates for upfront surgery at the time of diagnosis, which offers the chance of long-term survival. In recent years, patients with borderline resectable PC(BR-PC)have been treated with surgery following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy or intensive multi-agent chemotherapy. In PC, which is therapy resistant due to its hypoxic microenvironment, hyperthermia may enhance the effect of chemo(radio)therapy. An 84-year-old man with fatty stool was diagnosed with pancreatic head cancer according to the result of contrast computed tomography(CT), which showed a 37 mm irregular low-density area at the pancreatic head infiltrating nearly half of the superior mesenteric artery(SMA)plexus. There were no findings of lymph node metastasis or distant metastasis. The pretreatment diagnosis was BR-PC, cT3, N0, M0, cStage Ⅱ A. The patient was treated with hyperthermia plus S-1 and radiotherapy. The size of the tumor had reduced from 37 mm to 15 mm after the neoadjuvant therapy, and the infiltration into the SMA plexus had also reduced. Therefore, the patient underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy(SSPPD)concomitant resection of the PV, SMV, SV confluence. The histopathological findings were invasive ductal carcinoma with R0 radical resection. There has been no recurrence 18 months after the surgery. Based on the above-mentioned findings, hyperthermia and chemoradiotherapy can be an effective option of neoadjuvant treatment for BR-PC.