Curcumin: An Insight to Molecular Pathways Involved in Anticancer Activity

PMID: 33480345
Journal: Mini reviews in medicinal chemistry (volume: , issue: , Mini Rev Med Chem 2021 Jan;)
Published: 2021-01-22

Joshi P, Joshi S, Semwal D, Bisht A, Paliwal S, Dwivedi J, Sharma S


Curcuma longa has been mentioned in Indian system of medicine for the management of wide range of diseases. C. longa and its metabolites like curcumin, ar-turmerone, methyl-curcumin, demethoxy-curcumin, bisdemethoxy-curcumin have also been reported beneficial in various types of cancer. Curcumin elicits anticancer properties chiefly by triggering apoptotic pathways in cancer cells. The properties are facilitated through diverse signaling pathways viz. pathways mediated by NF-kB, WNT/β-catenin pathway COX-2, LOX, STAT3, prostaglandin E2, phosphorylase kinase, VEGF, AKT, AP1, STAT3, PI3K, Akt, mTOR, ERK5, AP-1, TGF-b, PPARc, EBPa, NLRP3 inflammasome, p38MAPK, Nrf2, Notch-1, AMPK, TLR-4 etc. Present article highlights curcumin biosynthesis, phytochemistry and diverse molecular pathways involved to regulate several types of secondary messengers to exhibit anticancer activity in almost all the forms of cancer.