Potent anti-myeloma efficacy of dendritic cell therapy in combination with pomalidomide and programmed death-ligand 1 blockade in a preclinical model of multiple myeloma

PMID: 32623477
Journal: Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII (volume: , issue: , Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 2020 Jul;)
Published: 2020-07-04

Chu TH, Vo MC, Park HS, Lakshmi TJ, Jung SH, Kim HJ, Lee JJ


Dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccines are recognized as a promising immunotherapeutic strategy against cancer; however, the efficacy of immunotherapy with DCs is controlled via immune checkpoints, such as programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). PD-L1 expressed on DC and tumor cells binds to programmed death-1 (PD-1) receptors on the activated T cells, which leads to the inhibition of cytotoxic T cells. Blocking of PD-L1 on DC may lead to improve the efficacy of DC therapy for cancer. Here we demonstrated that DC vaccination in combination with pomalidomide and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) blockade inhibited tumor growth of a multiple myeloma (MM) mouse model. DCs + pomalidomide with dexamethasone + PD-L1 blockade significantly inhibited immune immunosuppressive factors and promoted proportions of immune effector cells in the spleen and tumor microenvironment. Additionally, functional activities of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and NK cells in spleen were enhanced by DCs + pomalidomide with dexamethasone + PD-L1 blockade. Taken together, this study identifies a potential new therapeutic approach for the treatment of MM. These results also provide a foundation for the future development of immunotherapeutic modalities to inhibit tumor growth and restore immune function in MM.